28 interesting facts about Bhutan

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From the highest unclimbed peak in the world to an innovative way of measuring prosperity, these are the most interesting facts about Bhutan.

interesting facts about bhutan lead image
Interesting facts about Bhutan include its mountainside monasteries (Shutterstock)

Fast facts

Official name: Kingdom of Bhutan
Capital city: Thimphu
Population: 782,318
Area: 38,394 sq km
Major languages: Sharchhopka, Dzongkha, Lhotshamkha
Major religions: Buddhism, Hinduism
Time zone: UTC+6 (Bhutan Time)
(Source: CIA World Fact Book)

Interesting facts about Bhutan

1. Bhutan is a landlocked country located in Asia between China and India. A landlocked country is completely enclosed by land with no access to the sea. There are currently 45 such countries and five partially recognised states.
(Source: CIA World FactbookThe Economist)

2. After the Maldives, Bhutan is the second-smallest country in South Asia.
(Source: World Bank)

3. Bhutan was almost completely cut off from the rest of the world for centuries and only began to open up to outsiders in the 1970s.
(Source: BBC News)

A map of Bhutan and its neighbouring countries
Bhutan is bordered by China and India (Shutterstock)

4. Radio broadcasting did not begin in Bhutan until 1973. In a similar vein, television and the internet did not arrive until 1999.
(Source: BBC News)

5. In 2015, Bhutan set its first world record by planting the most trees in one hour: 49,672.
(Source: Guinness World Records)

6. There are no traffic lights in Bhutan. The capital Thimphu briefly had one set of traffic lights – for just 24 hours. They were quickly removed and replaced by a traffic policeman.
(Source: BBC Travel)

A traffic officer in the capital city directs traffic
There are no traffic lights in Bhutan (Shutterstock)

7. Road signs are often written in rhymes. Examples include: ‘Going faster will see disaster’, ‘On the bend, go slow friend’ and ‘After drinking whiskey, driving is risky’.
(Source: BBC Travel)

8. Traditionally, the sound of thunder in the many mountains and valleys of Bhutan is believed to be the voice of dragons.
(Source: Britannica)

9. A dragon also features on the country’s flag. The dragon grasps jewels which represent national wealth and perfection. The white of the dragon symbolises purity and the loyalty of the diverse ethnic groups in Bhutan. The yellow symbolises the power of the king and the orange is associated with Buddhism.
(Source: Moira Butterfield (2019) The Flag Book. Lonely Planet Kids: London)

Dragons account for some interesting facts about Bhutan
Dragons account for several interesting facts about Bhutan (Shutterstock)

10. In 2004 Bhutan became the first country in the world to ban the sale of tobacco products. The ban failed to make much of an impact initially, but a new law came in 2011 and a monk was the first to be charged with smuggling tobacco.
(Source: Reuters)

11. Bhutan didn’t abolish slavery until 1958.
(Source: BBC News)

12. It’s not unusual to see paintings of erect penises in Bhutan. The Bhutanese believe the immodest image of an erect penis helps fertility, offers protection from evil and dispels spiteful gossip. The murals can be seen painted on homes, above doorways, under eaves and carved in wood.
(Source: New York Times)

Two penises painted either side of a door in Bhutan
A phallic mural on a house in Bhutan (Shutterstock)

13. The Bhutanese name for Bhutan, Druk Yul, means ‘Land of the Thunder Dragon’.
(Source: BBC News)

14. Bhutan is the world’s only country to measure prosperity by assessing its citizens’ happiness levels instead of GDP (Gross Domestic Produce). The GNH (Gross National Happiness) concept, used in Bhutan since 1971, has now been adopted by the UN – a move endorsed by 68 countries.
(Source: The Guardian)

15. The national animal of Bhutan is the takin. The takin is a rare species of ungulate native to Bhutan.
(Source: Smithsonian)

A takin in Bhutan
The takin is Bhutan’s national animal (Shutterstock)

16. Tourists are not allowed to travel independently in Bhutan. Foreign visitors must pay a minimum tariff of $250 USD per day. The fee includes accommodation, food, transport and an official guide.
(Source: Lonely Planet)

17. Bhutan’s forests absorb three times more CO2 emissions than its population creates.
(Source: CNN)

18. Mountaineering is banned in Bhutan. In 1994, Bhutan prohibited climbing mountains higher than 6,000m (19,685ft) and then in 2003 mountaineering was completely forbidden.
(Source: BBC Future)

A village with mountains in the background
Bhutan is a mountainous country (Shutterstock)

19. As such, the world’s highest unclimbed mountain – Gangkhar Puensum at 7,570m (24,836ft) – is in Bhutan.
(Source: Outside Magazine)

20. Bhutan is one of just a handful of countries to have successfully raised its numbers of wild tigers. In 2015, the country declared it has 103 (up from 75 previously) wild tigers in its forests. They have been observed anywhere between 150m and 4,200m above sea level.
(Source: WWF)

21. The national sport of Bhutan is archery, known as Dha. Archery is often played at festivals and celebrations.
(Source: Bhutan Olympic Committee)

Bhutanese archers
Bhutanese archers (Shutterstock)

22. Political parties were illegal in Bhutan until 2007 and the country did not hold its first elections until 2008.
(Source: New York Times)

23. Bhutan is one of a handful of countries to have never been under complete European control. It did come under the British ‘sphere of influence’, but was never officially colonised.
(Source: Vox)

24. Bhutan is famous for its Buddhist monasteries and Dzong fortresses. The most celebrated is the ‘Tiger’s Nest Monastery’ (Taktshang Goemba). The monastery is perched on the side of a sheer cliff 900m above the floor of the valley.
(Source: Lonely Planet)

The Tiger’s Nest Monastery in Bhutan
The Tiger’s Nest Monastery in Bhutan (Shutterstock)

25. It is illegal to slaughter animals in Bhutan due to the country’s Buddhist beliefs. However, it is not illegal to consume meat in Bhutan, so it is all imported. So much is imported that Bhutan is the highest consumer of meat per capita in South Asia.
(Source: The Independent)

26. At 3,280m, Bhutan has the world’s highest average elevation.
(Source: The Telegraph)

27. Bhutan is one of 27 counties that does not have a single UNESCO World Heritage Site.
(Source: UNESCO, The Telegraph)

28. Of all the countries with positive net migration, Bhutan has the lowest figure with just 300. Net migration is the number of immigrants into a country minus the number of emigrants out of a country over a five-year period.
(Source: World Bank)

Every effort has been made to verify these facts about Bhutan using primary sources. However, if you find an error or have any questions, please contact us.